Command and Control
The Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is a specialized carrier-based aircraft whose primary mission is battle-space mission command and control, as well as early warning detection. Initially released in the late 1950s, the first E-2 Hawkeye fulfilled a vital role in the United States Navy. It was an aircraft specifically designed for electronic warfare and early detection. This was a big change from previous aircraft that fulfilled this role. Most aircraft were effectively drafted into the role of battlespace management and command and control versus being specifically designed from the top down.
While the E-2 Hawkeye has existed for a long time, it has recently undergone a revamp to bring it up to speed with modern electronics and capabilities. The most widely upgraded version available in the fleet is the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. This
twin-prop plane serves as a big part of the U.S. Navy’s theatre air and missile defence architecture. Its capabilities allow it to communicate and coordinate with the littorals, overland, and open sea vessels of any fleet.
Because of modern upgrades, this aircraft is able to actively scan electronically and mechanically. This means it can see approaching aircraft, land, and sea allies and foes alike, and enable a synchronous mesh of those friendly forces operating in a region. This was described by the former Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Michael G. Mullen as being a “force multiplier”.